Definition

BASIC Programming

BASIC (Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a programming language designed by John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz in 1964 and popularized by Microsoft in the 1970s. BASIC is good for programming simple calculations quickly, and you do not have to learn much of the language in order to begin using it. Because no declarations are required, programs can be quite short.

In the 1970s and 1980s, numerous software vendors, especially Microsoft, added features to BASIC to support STRUCTURED PROGRAMMING and a wide variety of DATASTRUCTURES. Today, BASIC is one of the most complex programming languages in wide use, incorporating features from Pascal, FORTRAN, and C. Line numbers are no longer necessary.

However, BASIC is still easy for beginners to use, and the newest BASIC compilers still accept programs written in Kemeny and Kurtz’s original language.

An  example of a BASIC Program:

10 REM Temperature conversion program
20 PRINT ”Temperature in Fahrenheit”;
30 INPUT F
40 LET C=(F-32)*5/9
50 PRINT F;” F equals ”;
60 PRINT C;” C”
70 END

The output is:

Temperature in Fahrenheit? 98
98 F equals 36.66667 C
Share it:  Cite

More from this Section

  • Arithmetic unit
    Arithmetic unit is the unit of the computer that performs mathematical computations on ...
  • ActionScript
    ActionScript is a object-oriented programming language for the Adobe Flash Player and ...
  • Function
    In programming, a function is a procedure that performs a specific task. It is ...
  • Software
    ...
  • Abstraction
    Abstraction is one of the features of Object-oriented Programming ...