Job involvement is the degree to which an employee identifies with his or her job, actively participates in it, and considers his or her job performance to be important to his or her self-worth. Employees with a high level of this involvement strongly identify with and really care about the kind of work they do. Their positive attitude leads them to contribute to their work in positive ways. High levels of this involvement have been found to be related to fewer absences, lower resignation rates, and higher employee engagement with work.
“Job involvement refers to a state of psychological identification with work—or the degree to which a job is central to a person's identity. “
It has been considered as the main factor for increasing productivity and unlocking worker or employee motivation from the organizational perspective. Job involvement formulates a key to performance, motivation, satisfaction, and personal growth in the workplace from an individual perspective. It contributes significantly to organizational morale, effectiveness, and productivity by deeply involving employees in their work and makes it a fulfilling and meaningful experience. Individuals get involved in their works or jobs when they understand the potential in them for satisfying the hidden psychological needs such as for achievement, growth, meaning, security, and recognition.