Recognition refers to the memory task in which individuals are presented with a stimulus and asked whether they have been exposed to it in the past or to identify it from a list of alternatives.

In defefnse term, recognition refers to 

1. The determination by any means of the individuality of persons, or of objects such as aircraft, ships, or tanks, or of phenomena such as communicationselectronics patterns.  

2. In ground combat operations, the determination that an object is similar within a category of something already known.

Identifying information previously seen, read or heard about and stored in the memory is called recognition.  

Webster Dictionary Meaning

1. Recognition
- The act of recognizing, or the state of being recognized; acknowledgment; formal avowal; knowledge confessed or avowed; notice.
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