Unlike hypochondriasis, in which there is no physical problem, conversion disorders involve an actual physical disturbance, such as the inability to see or hear or to move an arm or leg. The cause of such a physical disturbance is purely psychological; there is no biological reason for the problem. Some of Freud’s classic cases involved conversion disorders. For instance, one of Freud’s patients suddenly became unable to use her arm, without any apparent physiological cause. Later, just as abruptly, the problem disappeared.
More from this Section
Psychoanalysis refers Freudian psychotherapy in which the goal is to release hidden unconscious thoughts and feelings in order to reduce
An obsession is a persistent, unwanted thought or idea that keeps recurring. For example, a student may be unable to stop thinking that
- Latent learning
In latent learning, a new behavior is learned but not demonstrated until some incentive is provided for displaying it (Tolman & Honzik, 1930). In
- Oral stage
According to Freud, a stage from birth to age 12 to 18 months, in which an infant’s center of pleasure is the mouth, is called oral stage.
A neonate is born with a number of reflexes – unlearned, involuntary responses that occur automatically in the presence of center stimuli.
- Hnguistic-relativity hypothesis
Hnguistic-relativity hypothesis, the notion that language shapes and, in fact, may determine the way people in a specific culture perceive
- Disengagement theory of aging
Disengagement theory of aging suggests that aging produces a gradual withdrawal from the world on physical, psychological, and social levels.