Phonology is the study of the smallest basic units of speech, called phonemes that affect meaning and the way we use those sounds to term words and produce meaning.

For instance, the a sound in fat and the a sound in fate represent two different phonemes in English.

Webster Dictionary Meaning

1. Phonology
- The science or doctrine of the elementary sounds uttered by the human voice in speech, including the various distinctions, modifications, and combinations of tones; phonetics. Also, a treatise on sounds.
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