Phonology is the study of the smallest basic units of speech, called phonemes that affect meaning and the way we use those sounds to term words and produce meaning.
For instance, the a sound in fat and the a sound in fate represent two different phonemes in English.
More from this Section
- Universal grammar
Noam Chomsky’s theory that all the world’s languages share a common underlying structure, called a universal grammar.
Synapse is the space between two neurons where the axon of a sending neuron communicates with the dendrites of a receiving neuron by using chemical messages.
- Cognitive perspective
Cognitive perspective which the approach that focuses on how people think, understand and know about the world.
- Autonomy-versus-shame-and-doubt stage
Autonomy-versus-shame-and-doubt stage refers to the period during which, according to Erikson, toddlers (ages 1 ½ to 3 years) develop
- Central core
The “old brain” which controls basic functions such as eating and sleeping and is common to all vertebrates, known as the central core.
- Group therapy
Group therapy in which people meet in a group with a therapist to discuss problems.
- Principle of conservation
The principle of conservation, which is the knowledge that quantity is unrelated to the arrangement and physical appearance of objects.