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Definition

Lymph nodes

Lymph nodes are small (0.1-2.5 cm long) encapsulated structures that interrupt the course of lymphatic vessels and contain elements of the body's defense system, such as clusters of lymphocytes and macrophages.

Lymphocytes and macrophages act as elaborate filters that trap and phagocytose particulate matter in the lymph that percolates through them. In addition, they detect and defend against foreign antigens that are also carried in the lymph.

 

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