The-definition.com

Definition

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bone mineral density is significantly reduced. This renders the bone significantly more at risk of fracture.  Typically, osteoporotic fractures occur in the femoral necks, the vertebra, and the wrist.

Although osteoporosis may occur in men, especially elderly men, the typical patients are postmenopausal women. There are a number of risk factors that predispose bones to develop osteoporosis. These factors include poor diet, steroid usage, smoking, and premature ovarian failure.

Treatment

Treatment involves of this disease is removing underlying potentiating factors, such as improving diet and preventing further bone loss with drug treatment, (e.g., vitamin D and calcium supplements; newer treatments include drugs that increase bone mineral density)

References
Share it:  Cite

More from this Section

  • Appendicitis
    When the appendix becomes inflamed, the visceral sensory fibers are stimulated and the ...
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical test to make pictures of structures and ...
  • Ultrasound
    Ultrasound is a very high frequency sound wave (not electromagnetic radiation) generated ...
  • Breast Cancer
    Breast cancer refers to a kind of cancer, a malignant tumor (a group of cancer cells) ...
  • Pelvic Floor
    The pelvic diaphragm is a gutter-shaped sheet of muscle formed by the levatores ani and ...