Motivation refers to the process by which a person’s efforts are energized, directed, and sustained toward attaining a goal.
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Variable pay systems in which an individual’s compensation is contingent on performance; Variable pay is not as well established in European
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Non programmed decision refers a unique and nonrecurring decision that requires a custom-made solution.
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The fielder contingency model proposed that effective group performance depended on properly matching the leader’s style and
Consequences immediately following a behavior that increase the probability that the behavior will be repeated are called reinforcers.
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A firm’s engaging in social actions in response to some popular social need, is called social responsiveness.
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Economic factors concern the nature and direction of the economy in which a firm operates.Bcause consumption patterns are effected by the relative affluence of various market segments ,each firm must consider economic trends in the segments that affect its industry.