Definition Definition

What Is BIN Number? Benefits & Importance of BIN with Practical Example

What is Bin Number? 

The full form of BIN Number is Bank Identification Number and it represents the first four to six digits of a payment method. The first four to six digits usually define the main organization that issued the card.

The BIN is a safety feature that protects both businesses and individuals that conduct online businesses. By testing the values collected from the BIN to the card recipient's details, it can provide valuable data to find incidents of online fraud, lost cards, and scams.

Understanding Bin Number

Bank identification number's first element is the industry identifier. It can be used to determine the licensing institution's sector. Banking institutions, for instance, have cards that begin with either a 4 or 5. Other businesses, such as transportation, accommodation, and tourism, have their own set of figures. The card-issuing organization is identified through the last five numbers of the BIN.

BIN Numbers can be seen on-

  • Debit cards with a verification or money market account attached to them
  • Visa and MasterCard 
  • Payment Cards 
  • Debit cards that are pre-paid
  • Gift cards
  • Benefit cards that are digital
  • Payment cards for medical expenses (such as a debit card for a health savings account)

A BIN is used to monitor the source of a customer's cash. When a transaction is made, the card reader reads the BIN and determines whose account it belongs to. Once the accounts connected to the cards have been identified, it submits an invitation to make withdrawals from the accounts in terms of completing the transfer of funds. 

The payment is either allowed or rejected as an outcome of this procedure. The card payment framework is unable to identify the source of the user's finances without a BIN, and the transactions may be unable to be completed.

How Bank Identification Numbers Help

Over the years, a set of security methods have been created to assist businesses in detecting such frauds. Meanwhile, in one circumstance, a feature of credit cards that has been around since the early stages has received a new recognition as a means of detecting e-commerce fraud: the Bank Identification Number (BIN).

Aside from the issuing company, the BIN/IIN offers sellers a variety of additional details. When consumers input payment information for an online purchase, for example, the store only needs to determine the first few numbers to know:

  • Name, address, and phone number of the bank account
  • Credit card names for example Visa, Mastercard etc. 
  • Type of Card like debit card, credit card etc.
  • Level of the Card (black, platinum, business)
  • Issuer's location 
  • If the cardholder's address is the same as the one on file or not

Finally, the BIN enables retailers to accept a variety of payment methods while also speeding up the entire procedure.

BIN data may therefore reveal which issuer is issuing a considerable number of refunds against your company or refusing your representation bundles at a higher rate than other banks. These details can assist you in identifying potential errors or in adjusting your representation to that specific issuer.

Importance of Bin Numbers

Retailers can receive several payments simultaneously using BINs. They additionally help to speed up financial transactions. Because it offers the idea of the type of cards that are used, the type of bank, and other relevant data about the issuing entity and user, it aids financial firms in identifying cards that were hacked or misused.

BINs not only represent the card-issuing bank and its placement, but they also make the information available to the transaction participant. It assists online trading operators in verifying data and identifying incidents of dishonesty, lost credentials, and unauthorised access.

BINs are crucial in a society where industrialization is gradually shifting online, as they safeguard both businesses and customers. They are vital for the efficient operation of digital purchasing.

Practical Example

Mari was looking for a dress for a special event. She had been searching for it online for the past few days and finally chose a very pretty dress for the occasion and made an online purchase. 

The online shop could detect the banking institutions that issued Mari's Mastercard and their address after she inputs her card details. While this did not help in and of itself, the e-commerce website was able to match the data to the user's profile region. It enabled the verification of the transaction's validity.

If there was any reasonable cause to believe the payment was a scam after cross-checking the details, the e-commerce website might look into it further. Customers sending money to merchants using internet banking can also double-check the merchant's details before purchasing the product.

In Sentences

  • The term BIN number is widely used in payment cards which indicate the first four to six digits when you made a transaction for any purchase.


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