Collective Effort Model

Definition (1):

Collective Effort Model is an interpretation of social loafing stating that perceived connections between individuals’ effort and their results are declining when they function together with others in a group.

Definition (2):

As per, Collective Effort Model is, “In psychology, a model proposing that working on tasks as part of a group tends to weaken individual motivation by (1) lowering the individual's expectancy that his or her actions can lead to the attainment of goals and (2) reducing the subjective value of these goals to the individual.”

Several social loafing models like evaluation potential, social impact, and dispensability of effort have been developed, but none are actually integrative models, and none considers more than a few conditions where loafing is decreased. Karau and Williams proposed the collective effort model (CEM) for filling this theoretical gap. The CEM states that social loafing is most comprehensively understood by mixing the expectancy theory’s motivational principles with self-evaluation theory’s principles. The focal point of the CEM is that individual effort and motivation in collective forms will be not affected provided that some contingencies are fulfilled or satisfied.

Share it:  Cite

More from this Section

  • Transference
    Transference means the transfer of feelings to a psychoanalyst of love or anger that had ...
  • Shaping of behaviour
    Shaping of behaviour is a technique used in operant conditioning which rewards any behaviour ...
  • Cerebral hemispheres
    Cerebral hemispheres are the two symmetrical left and right halves of the cerebrum. The ...
  • Peer group
    Peer group is a friendship group composed of individuals of similar age with common interests ...
  • Free association
    Free association is the one of the techniques used by Freud in developing psychoanalysis. ...