A drive is motivational tension, or arousal, that energizes behavior to fulfill a need. Many basic drives, such as hunger, thirst, sleep, and sex, are related to biological needs of the body or of the species as a whole. These are called primary drives. Primary drives contrast with secondary drives, in which behavior fulfills no obvious biological need. In secondary drives, prior experience and learning bring about needs. For instance, some people have strong needs to achieve academically and professionally. We can say that their achievement need is reflected in a secondary drive that motivates their behavior.
Drive is a general term for a strong urge in an animal or human, including those urges that are sometimes referred to as instinctive.
Webster Dictionary Meaning
- A place suitable or agreeable for driving; a road prepared for driving.
- Violent or rapid motion; a rushing onward or away; esp., a forced or hurried dispatch of business.
- In type founding and forging, an impression or matrix, formed by a punch drift.
- A collection of objects that are driven; a mass of logs to be floated down a river.
- To be forced along; to be impelled; to be moved by any physical force or agent; to be driven.
- To go by carriage; to pass in a carriage; to proceed by directing or urging on a vehicle or the animals that draw it; as, the coachman drove to my door.
- To press forward; to aim, or tend, to a point; to make an effort; to strive; -- usually with at.
- To distrain for rent.
- To urge on and direct the motions of, as the beasts which draw a vehicle, or the vehicle borne by them; hence, also, to take in a carriage; to convey in a vehicle drawn by beasts; as, to drive a pair of horses or a stage; to drive a person to his own door.
- To urge, impel, or hurry forward; to force; to constrain; to urge, press, or bring to a point or state; as, to drive a person by necessity, by persuasion, by force of circumstances, by argument, and the like.
- To carry or; to keep in motion; to conduct; to prosecute.
- To clear, by forcing away what is contained.
- To dig Horizontally; to cut a horizontal gallery or tunnel.
- To pass away; -- said of time.
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