Surplus means any agent or sector in the economy (household, business, or government) experiences a surplus when its income exceeds its expenditure.

Surplus definition in Banking & Finance

Surplus is the type of bank capital representing the excess amount above each share of stock’s par value paid in by a bank’s stockholders when they purchased their shares.

Webster Dictionary Meaning

1. Surplus
- Being or constituting a surplus; more than sufficient; as, surplus revenues; surplus population; surplus words.
2. Surplus
- That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus.
- Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government.
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