A popular method by which organizations worldwide undergo restructuring efforts to remain competitive. It involves fundamental rethinking and radical redesigning of a business process so that a company can best create value for the customer by eliminating barriers that create distance between employees and customers.
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- Vertical boundaries
Limitation on interaction , contact, and access between operations and management personnel; between different levels of management; and between different organizational parts like corporate versus divisional units.
- Interpersonal communication
Interpersonal communication refers to communication between two or more people.
- Technological Factors
The quasi-science of anticipating environmental and competitive changes and estimating their importance to an organization’s operations .Technological forecasting can help protect and improve the profitability of firm's in growing industries.It alerts strategic managers to both impending challenges and promising opportunities.
Telecommuting is a job approach in which employees work at home and are linked to the workplace by computer and modem.
- Boundary less organization
Another contemporary organizational design is the boundary less organization, which is an organization whose design is not defined by
Consequences immediately following a behavior that increase the probability that the behavior will be repeated are called reinforcers.
- University of management
The reality that management is needed in all types and sizes of organizations, at all organizational levels, in all organizational areas, and in organizations no matter where located.