Bear is an investor who believes a stock or the overall market will decline. A bear market is a prolonged period of falling stock prices, usually by 20% or more.

Webster Dictionary Meaning

1. Bear
- A bier.
- Any species of the genus Ursus, and of the closely allied genera. Bears are plantigrade Carnivora, but they live largely on fruit and insects.
- An animal which has some resemblance to a bear in form or habits, but no real affinity; as, the woolly bear; ant bear; water bear; sea bear.
- One of two constellations in the northern hemisphere, called respectively the Great Bear and the Lesser Bear, or Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.
- Metaphorically: A brutal, coarse, or morose person.
- A person who sells stocks or securities for future delivery in expectation of a fall in the market.
- A portable punching machine.
- A block covered with coarse matting; -- used to scour the deck.
- Alt. of Bere
2. Bear
- To produce, as fruit; to be fruitful, in opposition to barrenness.
- To suffer, as in carrying a burden.
- To endure with patience; to be patient.
- To press; -- with on or upon, or against.
- To take effect; to have influence or force; as, to bring matters to bear.
- To relate or refer; -- with on or upon; as, how does this bear on the question?
- To have a certain meaning, intent, or effect.
- To be situated, as to the point of compass, with respect to something else; as, the land bears N. by E.
3. Bear
- To support or sustain; to hold up.
- To support and remove or carry; to convey.
- To conduct; to bring; -- said of persons.
- To possess and use, as power; to exercise.
- To sustain; to have on (written or inscribed, or as a mark), as, the tablet bears this inscription.
- To possess or carry, as a mark of authority or distinction; to wear; as, to bear a sword, badge, or name.
- To possess mentally; to carry or hold in the mind; to entertain; to harbor
- To endure; to tolerate; to undergo; to suffer.
- To gain or win.
- To sustain, or be answerable for, as blame, expense, responsibility, etc.
- To render or give; to bring forward.
- To carry on, or maintain; to have.
- To admit or be capable of; that is, to suffer or sustain without violence, injury, or change.
- To manage, wield, or direct.
- To behave; to conduct.
- To afford; to be to; to supply with.
- To bring forth or produce; to yield; as, to bear apples; to bear children; to bear interest.
- To endeavor to depress the price of, or prices in; as, to bear a railroad stock; to bear the market.
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