Definition Definition

Paid-in Capital: Understanding Paid-in Capital Formula with Practical Example

What is Paid-in capital?

The funds earned from investment firms for an entity's equity are called Paid-in Capital. This is one of the most important aspects of a company's total stock. Common shares or preference shares can be used to pay in capital. 

These payments are generated only from the entity's direct sale of shares to investors; they are not sourced through stock sales on the secondary market amongst shareholders or from any continuing operations.

Understanding Paid-in capital

Once in a while, all firms will need to generate extra capital. They may want to raise money to meet higher-than-expected operational expenditures or concentrate on building a growth framework.

Businesses can develop capital without getting a loan by expanding their paid-up capital. There is a charge where debt and interest can cut your earnings throughout the period, extending your liabilities.

The face amount of the shares and any additional capital placed on top help compensate for paid-up capital.

The firm's base pricing is the face value (par value). This is typically quite low but doesn't always show the real market valuation. On the financial statements, this amount is represented as common stock in the shareholders’ equity column.


The formula below can help calculate the paid-in capital -

Paid in Capital = Common Stock + Additional Paid-in Capital (APIC)

The money added to the cost of the stock's current prices is known as excess capital. A corporation might show $3,000 in paid-up capital on its financial statements if it issued 100 shares with a face value of $1 each and sold them for $30 each. This would consist of $100 in common shares and $2,900 in additional funds.

Practical Example

Consider the case of HK Ltd., which issues stock worth $30 million with a face value of $30 per share. The corporation offers the stocks at $40 per share, indicating a premium of $10 on the first public offering. The total sum collected is now $900 million. 

It is divided into two parts:

= $600 million in common stock ($30 million * $30)

= $300 million in paid-in capital ($30 million * 10)

Additional share capital might be presented as allocated extra or separately under the heading stockholders' equities.

In Sentences

  • Paid-in capital is the total sum of cash or cash equivalents contributed to a corporation by stockholders in return for shares, including the par value and any surplus.
  • The stockholders' capital portion of the accounting records includes paid-in capital.
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