Definition Definition

What Is Inflation? Types of Inflation with Real-Life Examples

What Is Inflation?

Inflation is defined as the rate at which the overall level of prices for goods and services rises, resulting in a decline in buying power. In plain terms, inflation means that the money you have today will not buy as much tomorrow as it did previously. It is typically quantified by watching the Consumer Price Index (CPI), a basket of products and services representing a typical household's purchasing patterns.

Definition 2

Inflation is a percentage rate of change in the price level. It is the condition of a continually rising price level. It is a process whereby the average price level in an economy increases over time. Inflation is the rising prices caused by a combination of excess consumer demand and increases in the costs of raw materials, parts, human resources, and other factors of production.

Definition 3

It is the rise in the average level of prices for all goods and services in a particular time period, with a corresponding decline in the purchasing power of the dollar.

More Thorough Understanding of the Term

Inflation is typically quantified by tracking the Consumer Price Index (CPI), a basket of products and services representing a typical household's buying patterns. When the CPI rises, the prices of the products and services in the basket have increased, indicating that inflation has occurred.

Inflation can have serious consequences for the economy and individuals. For example, it can diminish people's purchasing power, raise the cost of borrowing money, and increase the cost of living. However, some inflation is considered healthy for an economy since it encourages spending and investment.

Governments and central banks frequently attempt to control inflation through monetary policy adjustments such as raising or reducing interest rates. Policymakers can help maintain a stable economic climate by monitoring inflation and its economic influence.

Types of Inflation

Various varieties of inflation are often classified based on the cause of the price increase. The following are the most typical types of inflation:

  • Demand-Pull Inflation

This inflation arises when demand for products and services increases, but supply cannot keep up. Prices for those goods and services rise as a result.

  • Cost-Push Inflation

 This inflation happens when production expenses rise, such as labor increases or raw material costs. These extra costs are then passed on to the consumer through higher prices.

  • Built-In Inflation

 This inflation arises when workers and corporations anticipate rising costs and act accordingly. For example, if employees expect better wages in the future, they may demand higher wages today, raising production costs and prices.

Real-Life Effect of Inflation

Example 1: Consumer prices

The cost of products and services rises as a result of inflation. For example, if the price of a loaf of bread was $2 a year ago and is now $2.50, this implies inflation.

Example 2: Housing costs

Housing is a substantial expense for most people, and inflation can affect the cost of renting or purchasing a home. For example, if the average rent for an apartment in a city was $1,000 a month a year ago and is now $1,200, it suggests that the housing market has seen inflation.

Category: Economics
Share it: CITE

Related Definitions