Maslow was a psychologist who proposed that within every person is a hierarchy of five needs:
- Physiological needs- a person’s needs for food, drink, shelter, sex, and other physical requirements.
- Safety needs- a person’s needs for security and protection from physical and emotional harm, as well as assurance that physical needs will continue to be met.
- Social needs- a person’s needs for affection, belongingness, acceptance, and friendship.
- Esteem needs- a person’s needs for internal esteem factors, such as self-respect, autonomy and achievement, and external esteem factors, such as status, recognition, and attention.
- Self-actualization- a person’s needs for growth, achieving one’s potential, and self-fulfillment; the drive to become what one is capable of becoming.
Maslow’s theory that there is a hierarchy of five human needs: physiological, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization.
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