Definition Definition

What Is Triangular Arbitrage? Risk Factors of Triangular Arbitrage with Example

What is Triangular Arbitrage?

Triangular Arbitrage is the method of changing one currency to the next, then to a third currency, and ultimately back towards the first currency in a brief span of time. This risk-free earning possibility emerges once the exchange rates will not perfectly match.

Understanding Triangular Arbitrage

Triangular Arbitrage in currency transactions is conducted in the spot market to capitalize on a discrepancy where the quoted cross exchange rate is not equal to the rate that should exist at equilibrium. If the stated currency values do not reflect the industry's cross-exchange value, this form of arbitrage may lead to a riskless benefit. In all other terms, if two exchange rates compete against another one, their exchange prices should be synced; else, a profit possibility emerges.

Global banks that trade currencies take advantage of market failures in which one marketplace is overpriced and another is devalued. Price disparities between currency fluctuations are merely decimals of a penny, therefore, this type of arbitrage requires a big quantity of cash to be traded in order to just be lucrative.

Risk Factors 

Triangular arbitraging is a risk-free trading possibility in which the trader profits from minor price discrepancies between assets. However, there are some intrinsic hazards.

Since the price gap between both currencies is generally small, triangular arbitrage requires a considerable initial commitment. To make a significant profit, you will need to sell in huge quantities. Utilizing margin will significantly raise your risk.

Following that, these possibilities vanish as fast as they emerge, ranging from several moments to a few seconds. Currency market fluctuations tend to be extremely rapid. As a result, anyone interested in arbitrage trade would require an analysis tool or electronic trading system.

Practical Example

Robbie converts KRW to AUD. He then changes the AUD to Euros. Arbitrage occurred whenever he made profits instead of immediately changing BDT to euros.

Assume the Japanese yen is stronger than the Canadian dollar. You might do triangle arbitrage to increase the profit on the trade. You swap British pounds for yen place at a single rate, then switch it to CAD, and finally back to pounds.

In Sentences 

  • The triangular arbitrage approach can be used in crypto assets.
  • When the stated currency values differ from the genuine values, triangular arbitrage provides a risk-free profit.


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